Home / ADA compliance / Understanding the Current Landscape of ADA Compliance Lawsuits
Danny Trichter
Author
Hina Ilyas
Researcher
ADA compliance lawsuit, accessibility, web accessibility
October 28, 2021
10 minutes

Understanding the Current Landscape of ADA Compliance Lawsuits

When you run a business, legal matters become immensely important. The number of civil lawsuits filed against companies for violating ADA guidelines has skyrocketed in recent years.

These lawsuits have become a major expense, but they can be avoided.

Recent statistics indicate that over 80% of all ADA violations occur in just ten California and New York counties. It makes the ADA the most heavily litigated federal disability law in the country.

However, this has increased even further when accessibility lawsuits related to inaccessible websites and other digital assets began to surface too.

And if you’re searching for an answer to the question: what are ADA-compliant websites, visit our guide below.

ADA guide banner

In today’s post, we’ll discuss the current state of website accessibility and ADA lawsuits. Continue reading to learn more about the current landscape of ADA compliance lawsuits.

History of Website Accessibility and the Laws

In 1990, President Bush signed the ADA to prohibit discrimination against differently-abled people. It’s a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability in employment, public accommodations, and public services.

In 1991, the Department of Justice issued rules for Title II and Title III.

Title II relates to government states and agencies and prohibits them from discriminating against differently-abled people.

Its goal is to protect disabled individuals from discrimination in state and local government programs, services, and activities. What we now know as Section 508 falls under Title II.

Title III prohibits discrimination at places defined as a public accommodation. These places are generally open to the public and they fall under 12 categories, including schools, recreation, offices, and medical buildings. Websites now also fall under Title III. However, there are no formal laws that enforce website accessibility.

Businesses generally adhere to WCAG guidelines and other guidelines to achieve ADA compliance and ensure web accessibility. But, there’s no specific law to monitor their practical implications because Title III doesn’t explicitly declare websites as a public accommodation.

Landmark ADA Compliance Lawsuits 

Landmark Accessibility Lawsuits

Web accessibility litigation is a growing problem. In 2020, the U.S. Department of Justice set a record for ADA Title III lawsuits, filing 10,982 cases. These cases affected both large and small businesses.

Domino’s Pizza

One of the most popular ADA compliance lawsuits is Domino’s Pizza v. Guillermo Robles.

Robles is a blind man who sued Domino’s pizza after ordering through the pizza giant’s website and mobile app.

Robles’ attorneys emphasized that the ADA requires businesses with physical locations to make their websites and other online platforms accessible to differently-abled people.

Dominos sought to have the case dismissed, which was initially awarded by the district court that first heard the case. However, Robles filed for an appeal, and the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco ruled in his favor.

The pizza giant appealed to the US Supreme Court. However, the Supreme Court refused to hear the company’s appeal, so Domino’s Pizza will have to continue fighting this case in court.

Dominos pizza

Gill v. Winn-Dixie

Another popular website accessibility case is Gill v. Winn-Dixie. It’s the first accessibility case that went to trial and had a decision rendered on its merits.

The plaintiff, who is legally blind, claims that the content of the Winn-Dixie website was inaccessible to him.

The trial was held in the US District Court Southern District of Florida, which ruled in favor of the plaintiff.

Additionally, the court found that there were accessibility issues on the website. As such, Winn-Dixie violated the ADA.

However, Gill v. Winn-Dixie is an important case because the eleventh circuit reversed the district court decision.

The 11th circuit found that Winn-Dixie didn’t violate the ADA because websites aren’t places of public accommodation. Moreover, they also found that the plaintiff wasn’t denied access to any goods or services that Winn-Dixie’s physical location offers.

ADA compliance lawsuits are filed across different verticals, sizes, and industries. Aside from Domino’s case and Gill v. Winn-Dixie, there are also website accessibility complaints against Beyonce.

ADA Compliance Lawsuits: Statistics and Trends at a Glance

Accessibility lawsuits first began to surface in 2013, during which plaintiffs filed 2,722 cases.

In recent years, this number has grown, with 10,982 lawsuits filed in 2020.

While state court data is unreliable due to constraints, all signs point to a drastic increase in state court filings. New York and California have been the two states with the highest state court filings in recent years.

Even though cases have decreased slightly, it’s still a large number of lawsuits since the country was gripped by a pandemic.

ADA compliance lawsuits began steadily increasing in 2021. In January 2021, plaintiffs filed 1,108 cases – the most cases filed in a single month.

With these statistics, ADA compliance lawsuits have nowhere to go but up.

Accessibility Lawsuits in Federal Court and State Court

ADA Lawsuits Rate in California

Both federal and state courts are showing an increase in lawsuits. In the U.S. federal court, most lawsuits pertain to ADA Title III claims.

On the other hand, lawsuits in state courts are filed under state laws such as The Unruh Act in California.

California and New York topped the charts in 2020, with 5869 and 2238 filings, respectively. Additionally, California also broke its lawsuit records by 22%.

The DOJ considers web accessibility to be a vital part of ADA compliance. This is why businesses need to make it a top priority.

The Mechanism of Filing a Lawsuit Related to Inaccessible Websites

So, what exactly happens when you get sued?

1) The demand letter arrives.

The first step in an ADA compliance lawsuit is the demand letter. Many of these demand letters contain the same information from one lawsuit to the next.

That said, it’s important you review the claims in the letter and determine if they’re relevant to your digital assets.

2) Look for legal counsel.

Of course, you need a lawyer for your case. While it can get expensive, finding one with expertise in internet accessibility law and equal rights is the way to go.

With the help of your lawyer, you can build a case and disprove the claims. The goal here is to create a solid defense that proves your website is accessible.

3) Go to trial.

Once your defense is ready, you’ll likely go to trial. Keep in mind that penalties apply for missing a trial, ranging from $50,000 to $100,000.

4) Make the case.

If you’re correct and your site is accessible, you’ll need an expert to attest to this fact. If you’re a web developer, then you won’t have to hire an expert.

However, you have to hire an unbiased technical expert to witness your case if you aren’t. They must have the technical knowledge to provide detailed testimony on the technical aspects of your site.

5) It isn’t over yet.

If your site is proven to be compliant, you technically win the case. However, the plaintiff can still file an appeal to higher courts.

If your site is found to be noncompliant, then prepare for things to get even more expensive. You will be expected to pay a fine at the judge’s discretion.

Now, here’s something to keep in mind: some lawyers exploit the law and directly file the lawsuit. There’s also something called ADA lawsuit abuse.

ADA lawsuit abuse occurs when an individual files ADA compliance lawsuits without suffering real injuries.

It usually involves a person visiting several business establishments to identify ADA violations, like lack of wheelchair ramps. Then, the individual will proceed to sue the business for injuries.

Avoiding Lawsuits

Avoiding-Lawsuits

Lawsuits can get expensive quickly, so you want to avoid them as much as possible.

This is how you can do that.

Understand laws, rules, and regulations.

There are no formal laws on website accessibility, so understanding accessibility guidelines like the WCAG will help you avoid ADA compliance lawsuits.

Research laws in your particular state, city, or country.

Winning ADA compliance lawsuits starts with knowing which laws apply to you in your specific state, city, or county.

Do an audit.

Auditing your site is a crucial step in being compliant. It helps you identify possible accessibility issues and ways to fix them.

Publish an accessibility statement on your website.

If you don’t have an accessibility statement, generate one and post it on your site. Also, make sure that the page itself is accessible.

Design and develop for accessibility.

If you plan to comply with the ADA, one of the most important steps is having an inclusive website design.

Keep checking and updating.

With the changing digital landscape, the needs of disabled people change too. That said, you must keep yourself up-to-date with laws and regulations.

Additionally, you can also use tools like AudioEye and UserWay to make maintaining an ADA-compliant website easier.

Our Top Recommendation: Audioeye
  • WCAG
  • ADA
  • Section 508 Compliant

AudioEye uses advanced automation technology and manual remediation, which work wonders to make websites accessible. The platform also complies with digital guidelines, including the WCAG.

Pros

  • 30-day Free Trial
  •  75,000+ Clients
  • 20+ Experts with IAAP Certifications
  • Instantly Improve Your Accessibility Score By an Average of 25 Points

Cons

  • Focused on USA and Canadian Markets

Existing Clients

Summary

As a business, it is your social responsibility to promote inclusivity by making your website accessible.

Even if there is no law, accessibility can still benefit your business by broadening your customer base and strengthening your brand.

Start by conducting an audit to understand where your website lies on the scale of accessibility, and then make an effort to make the necessary changes.

Audit your website today on Accessibility Checker

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